This week brings us the release of only four pieces of monthly economic data with one being considered highly important. In addition to the economic data, the minutes from the last FOMC meeting will also be posted. There is nothing of relevance to mortgage rates scheduled for release tomorrow, so look for the stock markets to drive bond trading and mortgage rates until we get to the start of this week's activities.
The first piece of data will be July's Consumer Price Index (CPI) early Tuesday morning. The CPI is one of the most important reports we see each month as it measures inflation at the consumer level of the economy. As with last week's Producer Price Index, there are also two readings in the report. Analysts are expecting to see no change in the overall index and a 0.2% rise in the more important core data reading. Declines in the readings like we saw in last week’s Producer Price Index, should lead to lower mortgage rates since it would mean inflation is still not a threat to the economy and a Fed rate hike may come later than sooner. On the other hand, stronger than expected readings will likely lead to an increase in mortgage pricing Tuesday.
July's Housing Starts will also be released 8:30 AM ET Tuesday, giving us an indication of housing sector strength and future mortgage credit demand. It usually doesn't cause much movement in mortgage rates unless it varies greatly from forecasts. Tuesday's release is expected to show a decline in construction starts of new homes last month. The lower the number of starts, the better the news for the bond market, as it would indicate a weaker than expected new home portion of the housing sector.
The third release of the morning will be July's Industrial Production report at 9:15 AM ET Friday. This report measures manufacturing sector strength by tracking output at U.S. factories, mines and utilities. It is expected to show a 0.3% increase from June's level. A decline would be considered favorable news for bonds and mortgage rates because it would indicate manufacturing sector weakness and broader economic growth would be more difficult if manufacturing activity is slipping.
Wednesday does not have any morning reports to be concerned with but does have something during afternoon trading. That is when we will get the minutes from the last FOMC meeting. There is a pretty good possibility of the markets reacting to them following their release. Market participants will be looking for how Fed members voted during the last meeting and any comments about inflation concerns in the economy, economic growth and the Fed's plans for raising short-term interest rates. Since the minutes will be released at 2:00 PM ET, if there is a market reaction to them it will be evident during afternoon trading. This is one of those events that can cause significant movement in rates after its release or be a non-factor. Therefore be prepared for a move, but not surprised if the impact on rates is minimal.
The Conference Board is a New York-based business research group that will post its Leading Economic Indicators (LEI) for July late Thursday morning. This index attempts to measure economic activity over the next three to six months and is considered to be moderately important. A higher than expected reading is bad news for the bond market because it indicates that the economy may be strengthening more than thought. However, a weaker reading means that the economy may not grow as much as predicted, making stocks less appealing to investors. This also eases economic growth concerns in the bond market and could lead to slightly lower mortgage rates Thursday. It is expected to show an increase of 0.4% in the index, indicating moderate economic growth over the next couple of months. It will take a sizable difference between forecasts and its actual reading for this report to noticeably influence mortgage rates.
Overall, Tuesday is likely to be the most active day for mortgage rates with three reports set for release and Friday appears to be the best candidate for least important. Stocks will probably be a contributing factor to bond movement several days with only one important economic report coming this week. I believe bond yields are going to be making a move one direction or another very soon.